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SUSHI GLOSSARY COOKING INFORMATION

Words related to sushi with brief definitions

SushiSushi a la carte

aji : horse mackerel
akagai : ark shell
ama-ebi : raw shrimp
anago : conger eel
aoyagi : round clam
awabi : abalone
ayu : sweetfish
buri : adult yellowtail
chutoro : marbled tuna belly
ebi : boiled shrimp
hamachi : young yellowtail
hamaguri : clam
hamo : pike conger; sea eel
hatahata : sandfish
hikari-mono : various kinds of shiny fish, such as mackerel
himo : fringe around an ark shell
hirame : flounder
hokkigai : surf clam
hotategai : scallop
ika : squid
ikura : salmon roe
inada : very young yellowtail
kaibashira : eye of scallop or shellfish valve muscles
kaiware : daikon-radish sprouts
kajiki : swordfish
kani : crab
kanpachi : very young yellowtail
karei : flatfish
katsuo : bonito
kazunoko : herring roe
kohada : gizzard shad
kuruma-ebi : prawn
maguro : tuna
makajiki : blue marlin
masu : trout
meji (maguro) : young tuna
mekajiki : swordfish
mirugai : surf clam
negi-toro : tuna belly and chopped green onion
ni-ika : squid simmered in a soy-flavored stock
nori-tama : sweetened egg wrapped in dried seaweed
otoro : fatty portion of tuna belly
saba : mackerel
sake : salmon
sawara : Spanish mackerel
sayori : (springtime) halfbeak
seigo : young sea bass
shako : mantis shrimp
shima-aji : another variety of aji
shime-saba : mackerel (marinated)
shiromi : seasonal white meat fish
suzuki : sea bass
tai : sea bream
tairagai : razor-shell clam
tako : octopus
tamago : sweet egg custard wrapped in dried seaweed
torigai : cockle
toro : choice tuna belly
tsubugai : Japanese tsubugai shellfish
uni : sea urchin roe

Maki-zushi (sushi rolls)

maki-mono : vinegared rice and fish (or other ingredients) rolled in nori seaweed
tekka-maki : tuna-filled maki-zushi
kappa-maki : cucumber-filled maki-zushi
tekkappa-maki : selection of both tuna and cucumber rolls
oshinko-maki : pickled-daikon (radish) rolls
kaiware-maki : daikon-sprout roll
umejiso-maki : Japanese ume plum and perilla-leaf roll
negitoro-maki : scallion-and-tuna roll
chUtoro-maki : marbled-tuna roll
otoro-maki : fatty-tuna roll
kanpyo-maki : pickled-gourd rolls
futo-maki : a fat roll filled with rice, sweetened cooked egg, pickled gourd, and bits of vegetables
nori-maki : same as kanpyo-maki; in Osaka, same as futo-maki
natto-maki : sticky, strong-tasting fermented-soybean rolls
ana-kyu-maki : conger eel-and-cucumber rolls
temaki : hand-rolled cones made from dried seaweed
maguro-temaki : tuna temaki

Other sushi terms

nigiri(-zushi) : pieces of raw fish over vinegared rice balls
edomae-zushi : same as nigiri-zushi
chirashi(-zushi) : assorted raw fish and vegetables over rice
tekka-don : pieces of raw tuna over rice
sashimi : raw fish (without rice)
chakin-zushi : vinegared rice wrapped in a thin egg crepe
inari-zushi : vinegared rice and vegetables wrapped in a bag of fried tofu
oshi-zushi : Osaka-style sushi: squares of pressed rice topped with
vinegared/cooked fish
battera(-zushi) : oshi-zushi topped with mackerel
tataki : pounded, almost raw fish
odori-ebi : live ("dancing") shrimp
oshinko : Japanese pickles
neta : sushi topping
wasabi : Japanese horseradish
gari : vinegared ginger
shoyu : soy sauce

These pages on sushi might also be helpful:

 

Taken from the website of Chef Jos Wellman who you know as Tallyrand. Having travelled the world learning his craft, he worked in New Zealand for many years teaching the next generation. His website was packed with fascinating information.These days he is back in the UK teaching.

Email Hub-UK : info@hub-uk.com